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2021 基安加-亚马赫塔-泰勒 历史学家和作家

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发表于 2022-6-14 04:17:49 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor
Historian and Writer | Class of 2021
Analyzing the political and economic forces underlying racial inequality and the role of social movements in transforming society.


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Title
Historian and Writer
Affiliation
Department of African American Studies, Princeton University
Location
Princeton, New Jersey
Age
49 at time of award
Area of Focus
American History, Low-Income Individuals/Families and the Disadvantaged
Website
keeangataylor.com
Princeton University: Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor
Social
Twitter
Published September 28, 2021
ABOUT KEEANGA-YAMAHTTA'S WORK
Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor is a historian and writer presenting powerful critiques of the political and economic forces underlying racial inequality. Taylor brings her experiences as an activist and organizer for housing rights to her scholarship, combining deep understanding of the concrete manifestations of inequality—such as substandard housing, over-policing, and high unemployment—with fine-grained analysis and historical research.

Her first book, From #BlackLivesMatter to Black Liberation (2016), is a trenchant examination of the origins and trajectory of the Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement. Taylor situates BLM within the context of the decades of stagnant economic progress, rising mass incarceration, and disinvestment in Black communities that followed the Civil Rights Movement. She locates its origins not just in police and vigilante violence but also in the growing polarization between Black politicians and ordinary Black people. Taylor argues that Black elected officials are often complicit in perpetuating systemic racism. Embedded within the dynamics of capitalist democracy, they create policies that support the economic status quo rather than the needs of their Black constituents. In her second sole-authored work, Race for Profit: How Banks and the Real Estate Industry Undermined Black Home Ownership (2019), Taylor documents how deeply racialized, exploitative real estate practices continued long after the establishment of legal bans on housing discrimination. She recounts a pattern of predatory inclusion: the industry charged African Americans high interest rates, encouraged them to buy over-valued houses that they could barely afford, and pushed them into neighborhoods where property values were unlikely to increase. Taylor argues that liberal policies supposedly designed to advance racial justice were, in fact, largely shaped by profit seeking and the influence of the private sector. As a result, Black homeownership did nothing to narrow the gap in Black-White wealth, and residential segregation and inequity in neighborhood investment and schools were further entrenched.

With an ability to synthesize her scholarship into accessible and engaging talks, essays, and opinion pieces, Taylor is also a well-known and trusted voice on such pressing issues as economic precarity, police violence, and the role of social movements in transforming society. Through her work in a variety of platforms, Taylor helps us understand why racial inequality in the United States is so devastatingly intractable while offering new visions of justice and democracy with the power to improve people’s lives.

BIOGRAPHY
Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor received a BA (2007) from Northeastern Illinois University and an MA (2011) and PhD (2013) from Northwestern University. Taylor completed a postdoctoral fellowship (2014) in the Department of African American Studies at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign before joining Princeton University, where she is currently a professor in the Department of African American Studies. She is the editor of How We Get Free: Black Feminism and the Combahee River Collective (2017) and a contributing writer and columnist for The New Yorker. Her essays have been published in The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, The Guardian, The Paris Review, and Jacobin, among other media outlets.





基安加-亚马赫塔-泰勒
历史学家和作家 | 2021级
分析种族不平等背后的政治和经济力量以及社会运动在改造社会方面的作用。


基安加-雅玛赫塔-泰勒的肖像
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标题
历史学家和作家
工作单位
普林斯顿大学非洲裔美国人研究系
工作地点
普林斯顿,新泽西
年龄
获奖时49岁
重点领域
美国历史, 低收入个人/家庭和处境不利者
网站
keeangataylor.com
普林斯顿大学。基安加-亚马赫塔-泰勒
社会
推特
2021年9月28日发布
关于基安加-雅玛赫塔的工作
Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor是一位历史学家和作家,对种族不平等背后的政治和经济力量提出了有力的批评。泰勒将她作为住房权利活动家和组织者的经验带到她的学术研究中,将对不平等的具体表现形式的深刻理解--如不合标准的住房、过度治安和高失业率--与精细的分析和历史研究相结合。

她的第一本书《从#BlackLivesMatter到Black Liberation》(2016年)是对黑人命案(BLM)运动的起源和轨迹的敏锐考察。泰勒将BLM置于民权运动后几十年经济发展停滞不前、大规模监禁增加、黑人社区投资减少的背景中。她认为其根源不仅在于警察和民团的暴力,还在于黑人政治家和普通黑人之间的日益分化。泰勒认为,黑人当选官员往往是延续系统性种族主义的同谋。在资本主义民主的动态中,他们制定的政策支持经济现状,而不是支持他们黑人选民的需求。在她的第二部独著作品《为利润而战:银行和房地产业如何削弱黑人的房屋所有权》(2019年)中,泰勒记录了在法律禁止住房歧视的规定出台后,深刻的种族化、剥削性房地产做法如何持续了很长时间。她讲述了一种掠夺性的包容模式:该行业向非裔美国人收取高额利息,鼓励他们购买他们几乎买不起的高价房屋,并将他们推到房产价值不可能增加的社区。泰勒认为,据称旨在促进种族正义的自由主义政策,实际上主要是由追求利润和私营部门的影响所决定的。因此,黑人的房屋所有权对缩小黑人和白人的财富差距毫无作用,住宅隔离和邻里投资及学校的不平等现象进一步加深。

泰勒有能力将她的学术研究综合成易懂和吸引人的谈话、文章和评论文章,在经济不稳定、警察暴力和社会运动在改造社会中的作用等紧迫问题上,她也是一个知名和值得信赖的声音。通过她在各种平台上的工作,泰勒帮助我们理解为什么美国的种族不平等是如此具有破坏性的棘手问题,同时提供了具有改善人们生活能力的正义和民主的新愿景。

个人简历
Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor在伊利诺伊州东北大学获得学士学位(2007年),在西北大学获得硕士学位(2011年)和博士学位(2013年)。在加入普林斯顿大学之前,泰勒在伊利诺伊大学厄巴纳-香槟分校非洲裔美国人研究系完成了博士后研究(2014年),目前她是该校非洲裔美国人研究系的教授。她是《我们如何获得自由:黑人女权主义和康巴河集体》(2017)的编辑,也是《纽约客》的特约作家和专栏作家。她的文章发表在《纽约时报》、《洛杉矶时报》、《卫报》、《巴黎评论》、《雅各布》等媒体上。
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