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2022.06.24最高法院的堕胎裁决将使大多数美国人感到愤怒

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发表于 2022-6-25 03:56:24 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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The Supreme Court’s abortion ruling will outrage most Americans
The country mostly favours the right to terminate a pregnancy
Jun 24th 2022

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Americans on friday lost the constitutional right to an abortion. The Supreme Court’s judgment in Dobbs v Jackson Women’s Health Organisation shook the bitterly divided country, even though it had been expected. Last month a leaked draft opinion showed that the court was prepared to overturn Dobbs, and, in effect Roe v Wade, the ruling from 1973 that recognised a constitutional right to an abortion. “Trigger laws” are now expected to ban abortions in 13 states. More than a dozen other states are expected to follow. But a poll conducted for The Economist by YouGov, an online polling firm, shows that most Americans want to maintain abortion rights. (See chart.)


According to the survey—conducted between June 11th and 14th—nearly half of the people questioned, 49%, did not want Roe v Wade to be overturned. Only 9% of respondents said that a “pregnant woman should never be able to obtain a legal abortion”.

A higher proportion of respondents favoured abortion under certain circumstances: 68% were in favour if the woman’s health was seriously endangered by the pregnancy; 67% and 64% were in favour if the pregnancy was a result of rape or incest. If the baby was thought to have little or no life expectancy, 59% said the mother should have the right to terminate the pregnancy.


Friday’s ruling will not affect all Americans equally. While some states rushed to restrict women’s rights, others including California, Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts, Nevada and New Jersey have bolstered or preserved abortion rights through state laws. Other states, including Michigan, are considering amending their state’s constitution to protect abortion rights. Kathy Hochul, New York’s governor, signed a package of bills in June that ensures protections for both residents and out-of-state women seeking abortions.

President Joe Biden has said it will take more pro-choice members in the House and Senate to codify the right to an abortion in Congress. But a murky outlook for House Democrats in November’s mid-term elections makes such a move unlikely. Instead, Mr Biden said he may issue executive actions that could maintain the right to end a pregnancy. But an executive order cannot restore abortion as a constitutional right. ■





每日图表
最高法院的堕胎裁决将使大多数美国人感到愤怒
该国大多数人赞成终止妊娠的权利
2022年6月24日

想了解我们的数据新闻的幕后情况,请注册我们的周报《图表之外》。

美国人在周五失去了宪法规定的堕胎权。最高法院对多布斯诉杰克逊妇女健康组织案的判决震撼了这个激烈分裂的国家,尽管这已在意料之中。上个月,一份泄露的意见书草案显示,法院准备推翻多布斯案,实际上是推翻1973年的罗伊诉韦德案,该判决承认了宪法规定的堕胎权。现在,"触发法 "预计将在13个州禁止堕胎。预计还有十几个州也会跟进。但是,在线民意调查公司YouGov为《经济学人》进行的一项民意调查显示,大多数美国人希望维持堕胎权。(见图表)。


根据这项在6月11日至14日期间进行的调查,将近一半的受访者(49%)不希望推翻罗伊诉韦德案。只有9%的受访者表示,"孕妇不应获得合法的堕胎"。

较高比例的受访者赞成在某些情况下进行堕胎。如果妇女的健康因怀孕而受到严重威胁,68%的人赞成;如果怀孕是强奸或乱伦的结果,67%和64%的人赞成。如果婴儿被认为寿命不长或没有寿命,59%的人说母亲应该有权利终止妊娠。


周五的裁决不会平等地影响所有美国人。虽然一些州急于限制妇女的权利,但包括加利福尼亚、夏威夷、伊利诺伊州、马萨诸塞州、内华达州和新泽西州在内的其他州已经通过州法律支持或保留了堕胎权利。其他州,包括密歇根州,正在考虑修改他们的州宪法以保护堕胎权利。纽约州长Kathy Hochul在6月签署了一揽子法案,确保对寻求堕胎的居民和州外妇女的保护。

乔-拜登总统说,众议院和参议院中需要更多支持选择的成员,才能在国会中把堕胎权编入法律。但是,在11月的中期选举中,众议院民主党人的前景不明朗,因此不太可能采取这种行动。相反,拜登先生说,他可能会发布行政行动,以维持终止妊娠的权利。但行政命令不能将堕胎恢复为一项宪法权利。■

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